Peredvizhniki, ( Russian: “The Wanderers”) group of Russian painters who in the second half of the 19th century rejected the restrictive and foreign-inspired classicism of the Russian Academy to form a new realist and nationalist art that would serve the common man. Believing that art should be useful, a vehicle for expressing humanitarian and social ideals, they produced realistic portrayals of inspiring or pathetic subjects from Russian middle-class and peasant life in a literal, easily understood style.
Favorite Peredvizhniki paintings:
- The Bridge in the Woods, by Rafail Sergeevich Levitsky, The Stavropol Regional Museum of Fine Arts, Stavropol, Russia
- Storm of Snow Fortress, by Vasily Surikov, The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
- Lake Teberdinsky, Caucasus, by Nikolai Yaroshenko, Kislovodsk Memorial Museum-Estate of the artist, Kislovodsk, Stavropol Krai, Russia
- Maid with Children, by Vladimir Makovsky, Yekaterinburg Museum of Fine Arts, Russia
- Sadko in the Underwater Kingdom, by Ilya Repin, The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
- Golden Autumn, by Isaac Levitan, The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia